A Fully Conservative Parallel Numerical Algorithm with Adaptive Spatial Grid for Solving Nonlinear Diffusion Equations in Image Processing
In this paper we present simple yet efficient parallel program implementation of grid-difference method for solving nonlinear parabolic equations, which satisfies both fully conservative property and second order of approximation on non-uniform spatial grid according to geometrical sanity of a task. The proposed algorithm was tested on Perona–Malik method for image noise ltering task based on differential equations. Also in this work we propose generalization of the Perona–Malik equation, which is a one of diffusion in complex-valued region type. This corresponds to the conversion to such types of nonlinear equations like Leontovich–Fock equation with a dependent on the gradient field according to the nonlinear law coefficient of diffraction. This is a special case of generalization of the Perona–Malik equation to the multicomponent case. This approach makes noise removal process more flexible by increasing its capabilities, which allows achieving better results for the task of image denoising.
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